- The differences between indicas and sativas have been dramatically exaggerated
- Science proves, though, that however subtly, indica and sativa strains aren’t exactly the same
- The focus should mainly be on the effects of individual cannabinoids and terpenes
Much has been made of the difference between sativa and indica. Long-time smokers swear that indica-leaning strains of cannabis feel entirely different from sativa strains. Then, they’ll be the first people to fall for it when you pass off a strongly sativa strain for indica-dominant bud.
We don’t blame anyone for suspecting the difference between indica and sativa cannabis might be total BS. Admittedly, the volume of hype surrounding the phenomenon is only surpassed by the gullibility of its blindest believers.
The truth, though, is there are a few real, scientific differences between indica and sativa cannabis strains. Let’s take a look at them in detail.
1. Do indica and sativa strains have different genetics?
Zoom in to the very beginnings of cannabis — its genetics. A natural weed native to the Eurasian continent, Cannabis sativa has been the perennial companion of mankind for millennia, serving as a staple food, fiber, and medicinal crop.
It’s only recently that cannabis has been bred specifically for its cannabinoids, and as this process ramped up in the 20th century, fledgling cannabis scientists classified the plant into two distinct Lamarckian designations: Cannabis sativa and Cannabis indica.
By the turn of the millennium, research had progressed to the point that scientists no longer believed indica and sativa cannabis plants to be fully distinct species. Ongoing taxonomy of the immensely complex cannabis plant revealed, though, significant genetic differences between these two cannabis categories.
2. Do sativas and indicas come from different places?
One of the reasons scientists originally thought indica and sativa forms of cannabis were genuinely different species is that they’re from different parts of Eurasia. Indica-leaning cannabis landraces hailed from northern latitudes, and sativas grew in the tropics.
3. Do sativa and indica strains grow differently?
Indica and sativa strains reflect their considerably different origin climates in their growth patterns. Coping with lack of light and colder temperatures, indicas grew squatter and stockier. Stretching up into the abundant tropical sunshine, sativas bore thinner, longer buds.
Sativa strains also have a considerably shorter growing season than their indica counterparts. Indicas can take up to 10 weeks to bear fully mature buds, but sativas mature after 7-8 weeks.
4. Do indicas and sativas express different terpenes?
Aside from their differences in growth patterns and appearance, sativa and indica cannabis strains are most notably different in the terpenes they express. Almost all cannabis strains are mutts now due to extensive inbreeding, but there was a time when certain terpenes betrayed sativa genetics while others easily proved a strain was indica.
Even now, the trio of terpenes limonene, terpinolene, and humulene combine to most accurately express the essence of “sativa” while caryophyllene, pinene, and linalool remain the defining terpene trifecta in indica strains. Typically, these terpene profiles make sativas smell fruity or flowery while indicas smell sweeter or spicier.
5. Do indica and sativa strains have different effects?
Since each terpene has unique effects and indica and sativa strains tend to express different terpenes, it would stand to reason that the differences between the effects of indica and sativa strains might be more than just BS. Limonene, for instance, one of the most abundant terpenes in sativa strains, has been researched a lot recently for its potential energizing and anxiety-relieving properties.
Is limonene really more common in sativas than indicas, though? The truth is we still have only found out a fraction of what we need to know about the cannabis plant to make any definitive calls regarding the effects of any of its components.
Indica vs. sativa FAQ
• Is there a real difference between indica and sativa?
Ultimately, indica and sativa are united under the banner of Cannabis sativa. In the future, we’ll know cannabis more by its cannabinoids and terpenes, not by its membership in one vaguely defined group or another.
Depending on its terpenes and cannabinoids, an indica strain might hit you more like a sativa or vice versa. Your own biochemistry must be taken into account as well as the type of product you’re using and its potency.
With all that said, strains labeled “indica” are still more likely to have relaxing, soporific effects while sativas are more disposed to pump you up. This situation will remain the status quo until cannabis breeding takes its next quantum leap.
• What does sativa do to the brain?
The effects of sativa strains in your brain are largely the same as the effects of indica strains. Research into the chemical differences between sativas and indicas indicates that the same major terpenes are largely shared across strains with the most significant variations appearing in rare, low-concentration terpenes like cineole, phellandrene, and carene.
If you’re looking for the origin of the different effects indicas and sativas appear to exert, look somewhere other than the brain. Limonene, which seems to exemplify the fruity nature of sativas along with terpinolene and myrcene, is actually more abundant in indicas than sativas according to research.
This is only one of the cannabis facts science has discovered that appears to defy conventional wisdom. If you’re looking for the potential anti-anxiety effects of limonene, should you turn to sativas or indicas? Perhaps you should simply try strains that have high concentrations of limonene and ditch the “indica-sativa” distinction altogether.
• What does indica do to the brain?
According to the science, there aren’t any considerable chemical differences between how indicas and sativas affect your brain. Statistically, you might have a “sativa” experience with a strain that’s supposedly indica just as easily as you would with a pure-sativa strain.
What’s important isn’t whether any one source says a strain is indica or sativa. What matters is what dozens or hundreds of people all say together.
Secret Nature has amassed a huge sample size of anecdotal cannabinoid effect evidence over the course of more than 10,000 verified customer reviews. Here are a few recent examples you can use to decide for yourself if the difference between indica and sativa is real or not:
- Secret Nature Frosted Kush Indica CBD Hemp Flower review - Kennedy W. ★★★★★ “I felt so relaxed after smoking this, the taste isn’t overpowering and doesn’t leave a bad taste in your mouth and the bud itself burns so smooth and goes down super easy.”
- Secret Nature Papaya Nights Sativa CBD Hemp Pre-Roll 2-Pack review - Kyle U. ★★★★★ “Smooth and flavorful, I highly recommend this product for its calming effects and pain relief.”
- Secret Nature Secret Dream Indica CBD Hemp Pre-Roll 7-Pack review - Angel L. ★★★★★ “Absolute favorite of mine, I like to wind down at bed time, puts me in a calming zen like mood so I can sleep. Place it on your bed side table if you want to relax before bed!”